The Gender Agreement
// 11 октября 2021 // Без рубрики
For example, in Portuguese and Spanish, nouns that end in -o or a consonant are usually masculine, while those that end in -a are usually women, regardless of their importance. (Names that end in another vowel are assigned either by etymology, by analogy, or by another convention. These rules can, in some cases, put an end to semantics: for example, the noun membro/miembro (“member”) is always masculine, even if it concerns a girl or a woman, and pessoa/persona (“person”) is always feminine, even if it concerns a boy or a man. (In other cases, however, the meaning takes precedence: the name comunista “communist” is a man when it refers to a man or can refer to him, although it ends with -a.) In fact, names in Spanish and Portuguese (as in other Romance languages like Italian and French) usually follow the gender of the Latin words from which they are derived. If the names differ from the rules of sex, there is usually an etymological explanation: problema (“problem”) is in male Spanish because it was derived from a Greek name of the castration family, while the photo (“photo”) and the radio (“emission signal”) are women because they are extracts from fotoía or radiodifusión, both grammatically feminine nouns. (Most Spanish names in -ión are women; they derive from Latin feminins in -ō, akkusativ -iōnem.) But the opposite is true with the Northern Kurdish language or Kurmanci. doi: 10.1037/0278-7322.214.171.1248 In zero subject languages (and in some elliptical expressions in other languages), such correspondence may take place, although the pronoun does not appear. For example, in Portuguese: Costa, A., Kovacic, D., Fedorenko, E., and Caramazza, A. (2003).
The effect of gender congruence and the choice of independent and related morphemes: proofs of Croatian. J. Exp. Psychol. Learning. Meme. Cogn. 29, 1270-1282. doi: 10.1037/0278-73126.96.36.1990 The sex of a noun can influence the changes that the noun itself undergoes, in particular the way in which the noun of the number and the uppercase/lowercase fly away.
For example, a language like Latin, German, or Russian has a number of different declension patterns, and the pattern following a particular name can be strongly correlated with its gender. For some examples, see Latin declination. A concrete example is provided by the German word See, which has two possible sexes: if it is male (meaning “sea”), its lake of genital singulate form is, but if it is feminine (meaning “sea”), the genitive lake is because female names do not adopt the genitive-s…