The Nile Basin Cooperative Framework Agreement
// 13 апреля 2021 // Без рубрики
The leaders of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan signed a cooperation agreement on the Great Renaissance Dam in 2015 to ease tensions. The agreement is expected to pave the way for continued diplomatic cooperation. Fundamental principles of the agreement include prioritizing downstream countries for electricity generated by electricity generated by the dam, a dispute resolution mechanism and compensation for damages. Part V describes the dispute resolution procedures that could result from the implementation and implementation of the treaty. It also provides for the establishment of bilateral or multilateral instruments (agreements) that would complement the CFA. The treaty would create a legal basis for a permanent and common administrative institution, the Nile River Basin Commission (NRBC), which would be legally responsible and improve cooperation with the Nile. The NRBC will ensure that national development projects are coordinated with the development of the basin in order to optimize the use of basin resources and increase the national benefits of regional cooperation. The agreement between Egypt and Sudan, which complemented the previous agreement, gave Egypt the right to 55.5 billion cubic meters of Nile water per year and Sudan 18.5 billion cubic meters per year. The initiative, founded in 1999, brought together the nine countries of the Nile basin at the time to develop the river in a cooperative manner, share essential socio-economic benefits and promote peace and security in the region. The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) is a partnership between countries bordering the Nile that “want to “develop the river cooperatively, share essential socio-economic benefits and promote peace and security in the region.”  The NBI began with a dialogue between the neighbouring countries, which led to a common goal of “achieving sustainable socio-economic development through equitable use and exploitation of the common water resources of the Nile Basin.”   It was officially launched in February 1999 by water ministers from nine countries sharing the river: Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Eritrea as observers.
From the beginning, the World Bank and other external partners have supported the Nile Basin initiative. The World Bank has a mandate to support the work of the NBI as a development partner and administrator of the Nile Basin Trust Multi-Donor Fund.  One of the partners is the Nile Basin Discourse, which describes itself as “a network of civil society organizations that are trying to gain a positive influence on the development of projects and programs under the Nile Basin initiative.”  The 1929 and 1959 agreements caused discontent in other Nile states and calls for changes to the pact rejected by Egypt. The regional watershed management project aims to establish sustainable management of the Tekeze, Atbara, Mareb, Abbay/Blue Nile and Baro/Akobo/Sobat watersheds in Ethiopia and Sudan.