What Is The James Bay Agreement
// 15 апреля 2021 // Без рубрики
In addition to the payment of Aboriginal rights and financial compensation, the agreements have defined Aboriginal rights and regimes for future Aboriginal-non-Aboriginal relations in the region, as well as between local, regional, provincial and federal governments. Harvest rights have been granted, land classes have been defined and resource management rules have been established. School boards have been created, health services have been restructured and regional governments have been established. When the government refused to address the problem and insisted on dam construction, Cree and the IQA partnered with the Northern Quebec Inuit Association (NQIA). In November 1972, they filed a lawsuit to slow down the project and force the province to negotiate. Their main argument was that the land transfer agreements for James Bay and northern Quebec, concluded in 1898 and 1912 respectively, declared a commitment to negotiate the surrender of land rights. The Quebec government, which had little interest in its northern territories before 1960, did not consider it necessary to meet this obligation. This foundation has led to other important agreements, including the Sanarrutik Partnership Agreement and the Peace of the Braves, both massive economic development agreements that make Inuit and Cree partners in decision-making and benefit sharing. However, more than thirty modifier agreements, ancillary agreements and relevant laws illustrate the complex and dynamic nature of the Agreement. In 1984, the Canadian Parliament kept its promise of Aboriginal autonomy and adopted the Cree-Naskapi (Quebec), the first of its kind in the country (see Indigenous Self-Government in Canada). Naskapi joined the JBNQA in 1978 by signing the Northeast Accord of Quebec.
The James Bay Agreement addresses a number of issues and is the first Canadian-indigenous treaty since the 1920s to have few similarities to previous treaties, but it has become the prototype of the many agreements reached since then. It defined a number of provisions, mainly in the following areas: the James Bay and Northern Quebec agreement was amended by some 20 other agreements on the implementation and details of the original agreement, as well as by the extension of their provisions. In addition, the Constitution Act of 1982 enshrined in the Constitution of Canada all rights granted in treaties and fonal claims enacted prior to 1982 and confers on the rights enshrined in the original agreement the status of constitutional rights. Over the years, the Government of Canada has signed two “implementation agreements” with Naskapi and Inuit, and an out-of-court agreement with Cree: participation in the implementation of marine mammal management plans is provided by an agreement with the Kativik Regional Government (Kativik Regional Government – Kativik Regional Government – Kativik Regional Government) on the Ocean Resources and Resource Management Program. In 2008-2010, INAC provided $2,367,400 to the Avataq Cultural Institute for tuition and educational funding agreements, in particular the Post-Secondary Assistance Program (PSSSP) and the Cultural Centres and Education Centres Program. In the 1960s, Quebec began developing potential hydroelectric resources in the North and established the James Bay Development Corporation in 1971 to monitor the development of the mining industry, the forestry industry and other potential resources, starting with the James Bay Hydroelectric project.